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薄壁不銹鋼管環壓工具安全操作知

發布時間:2018-08-02 瀏覽次數:713

<p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center;"><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 22pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">薄壁不銹鋼管</span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 22pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">環壓工具安好操作知</span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 22pt; font-weight: bold;"> </span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt; text-indent: 24pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"> </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt; text-indent: 24pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"> </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt; text-indent: 24pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">環壓式不銹鋼</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">水</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">管</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">常用于建筑給水管上,環壓管的</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">環壓操作是使用油壓管材管件連接在一路的一種專用工具,其工作油壓為較高,鉗頭壓接气力為</span>4.5<span style="font-family: 宋體;">噸~</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">35</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">噸。為了避免在使用過程中因違章、超壓發生意外事故,請用戶在使用前認真閱讀本知。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt; text-indent: 24pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"> </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 48px; line-height: 20pt; text-indent: -36pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: "Times New Roman"; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="margin: 0px;">1、<span style="margin: 0px;"> </span></span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">操作前的檢查工作</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 24px; line-height: 20pt; text-indent: -18pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: "Times New Roman"; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="margin: 0px;">1.1<span style="margin: 0px;"> </span></span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">、環壓操作前應檢查受力部位有無變形、裂紋。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">1.2<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、檢查各螺釘是否松動。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"> </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">2<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、  定期校對油泵平安閥壓力,手動油泵安好閥設定壓力為</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">55MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">±</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">2MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">。嚴禁將油泵輸出壓力調高。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"> </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">3<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、  </span></span><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">各規格環壓鉗頭工具工作壓力</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">:</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">DN</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">15-32<span style="font-family: 宋體;">環壓鉗頭操作壓力為</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">40MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;"></span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">;</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">DN</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"> 40-50D<span style="font-family: 宋體;">環壓鉗頭操作壓力為</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">52MPa</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">;</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">DN</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"> 65-80<span style="font-family: 宋體;">油缸直徑為</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: "Times New Roman"; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">Ф</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">80</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 10.5pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">mm<span style="font-family: 宋體;">的</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">C<span style="font-family: 宋體;">型鉗頭型操作壓力為</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">45~50MPa</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">;</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">DN</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"> 65-80-100<span style="font-family: 宋體;">油缸直徑為</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: "Times New Roman"; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">Ф</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">100</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 10.5pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">mm</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">的</span>D<span style="font-family: 宋體;">型操作壓力為</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">35~40MPa</span></span></span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">注:</span></span></span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">1</span><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;">MPa<span style="font-family: 宋體;"></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">=10</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">公斤壓力。</span></span></span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 24px; line-height: 20pt; text-indent: -18pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: "Times New Roman"; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="margin: 0px;">4、<span style="margin: 0px;"> </span></span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">  <span style="font-family: 宋體;">操作過程中應注意以下幾個方面:</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.1<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、在空中操作環壓工具時,環壓工具下方嚴禁人員進入。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.2<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、環壓操作過程中環壓工具兩側</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">1.5</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">米內人員不得進入。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.3<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、架空操作</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.3.1<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、</span></span><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">環壓工作前</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">,</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">將兩只圓柱銷插到位才干進行環壓操作</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">。</span></span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: underline;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">此項格外重要</span></span></span></strong><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">!</span></span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.3.1<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、當環壓工具油泵壓力小于</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時。操作人員所處处所應為環壓工具沿管材軸向对象</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">0.3</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">米外,其操作姿勢見下圖。當環壓工具油泵壓力</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時,操作人員手從手柄處拿開,按</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">4.3.2</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">條規定進行操作。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: left;"><span style="margin: 25.6px 0px 0px 724.5px; left: 0px; width: 179px; height: 222px; position: absolute; z-index: 1;"><br /></span><span style="margin: 72.4px 0px 0px 525px; left: 0px; width: 179px; height: 36px; position: absolute; z-index: 1;"><br /></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.3.2<span style="font-family: 宋體;">、環壓工具油泵壓力</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時。操作人員身體所處地方為環壓工具沿管材軸向对象</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">0.3</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">米外,</span></span><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">環壓工具鉗口方向</span>2<span style="font-family: 宋體;">米內不得有人進入</span></span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">。</span></span><strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">嚴禁拔取肩扛、頭頂、腳蹬等違章動作</span></span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">。正確操作姿勢見下圖。</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.4<span style="font-family: 宋體;">大地預制</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: left; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.4.1<span style="font-family: 宋體;">地面預制過程中當環壓工具油泵壓力小于</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時。操作人員所處地点應為環壓工具沿管材軸向宗旨</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">0.25</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">米外,操作姿勢見下圖。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: left; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 32px 0px 0px 724.5px; width: 126px; height: 125px; position: absolute; z-index: 1;"><img alt="" src="file:///C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Temp/ksohtml/wpsAD3B.tmp.png" width="126" height="125" /></span><span style="margin: 27.2px 0px 0px 273px; width: 360px; height: 251px; position: absolute; z-index: 1;"><br /></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: left; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 14.4px 0px 0px 619.5px; width: 95px; height: 48px; position: absolute; z-index: 1;"><br /></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.4.2<span style="font-family: 宋體;">地面預制過程中當環壓工具油泵壓力</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時。操作人員所處地点應為環壓工具沿管材軸向方向</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">0.25</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">米外,操作人員手應握緊管材。其操作姿勢見下圖。其它預制管材直徑等于</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">DN60</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時,環壓工具處垂直與安裝管材軸線兩米內不得</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: left; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"> </span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.5<span style="font-family: 宋體;">立管環壓操作</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.4.1<span style="font-family: 宋體;">當油泵壓力小于</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時,按下圖操作。切記當壓力達到</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10MPa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時,必須按</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">4.4.2</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;">4.4.2<span style="font-family: 宋體;">當油泵壓力等于</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">10Mpa</span><span style="font-family: 宋體;">時,操作人員雙手應離開把手處,并用手扶住油缸底部按下圖操作。其它環壓工具處垂直與安裝管材軸線兩米內不得有人進入。憑手感下滑塊靜止不動時停止加壓。嚴禁加壓到油泵杠桿壓不動的水平。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 20pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">本須知是為了保證操作人員避免因違章、超壓而發生意外事故。操作中的其他事項請遵循技術交底書要求進行。</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 32px 0px 0px;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 14pt;"> </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 32px 0px 0px; text-indent: 231pt;"><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 14pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;"><img alt="" src="/upfile/2018/08/20180819224305_259.jpg" width="132" height="43" />浙江</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 14pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">共合管業</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; font-family: 宋體; font-size: 14pt;"><span style="font-family: 宋體;">有限公司技術部</span></span></p> <p><strong> </strong><em></em></p>

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